|Positive||Subject + verb (bare-infinitive)/ verb-s/es|
|Negative||Subject +do not (don’t)/does not (doesn’t)+verb (bare-inf.)|
|Question||Do/ Does + subject + verb (bare-inf.)…?|
|Positive||Subject + am/is/are + ….|
|Negative||Subject + am not / is not (isn’t) / are not (aren’t) +…|
|Question||Am/ Is/ Are + subject + …?|
My brother likes pasta.
Her sister is a composer.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
He doesn’t drive to work. He goes by bus.
We aren’t hungry.
Do you play the piano? – Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
Does he play football? – Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.
Where do you live? – I live in Ho Chi Minh City.
Are you a student? – Yes, I am. / No, I am not.
-We use present simple tense to talk about:
|Something that is true in the present.||I’m twenty years old.
He lives in London.
He isn’t a student. He is a teacher.
|Something that happens again and again in the present; a hobby or a habit.
We use adverbs of frequency like sometimes, often, always, and never, etc. with the present tense.
|We play tennis every Thursday.
I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.
|Something that is always true.||Water freezes at 00C.
The adult human body contains 206 bones.
The sun rises in the East.
|Something that is fixed.||School starts on 5 September.
His train arrives at 7.30.
- Complete the sentences using one of the following:
cause(s) close(s) drink(s) live(s) open(s) speak(s) take(s) place
a. Ann speaks German very well.
b. I never — coffee.
c. The swimming pool — at 9 o’clock and — at 18.30 every day.
d. Bad driving — many accidents.
e. My parents — in a very at small flat.
f. The Olympic Games — every four years.
c. opens … closes
f. take place
- Put the verb into the correct form.
a. Jane doesn’t drink (not/drink) tea very often.
b. What time — (the banks/close) in Britain?
c. ‘Where — (Martin/come) from?’ ‘He’s Scottish.’
d. ‘What — (you/do)?’ ‘I’m an electrical engineer.’
e. It — (take) me an hour to get to work. How long — (it/take) you?
f. I — (play) the piano but I — (not/play) very well.
g. I don’t understand this sentence. What — (this word/mean)?
a. do the banks close
b. does Martin come
c. do you do
d. takes … does it take
e. play … don’t play
f. does this word mean
- Use one of the following verbs to complete these sentences. Sometimes you need the negative:
believe eat flow go grow make rise tell translate
a. The earth goes round the sun.
b. Rice doesn’t — in Britain.
c. The sun — in the east.
d. Bees — honey.
e. Vegetarians — meat.
f. An atheist — in God.
g. An interpreter — from one language into another.
h. A liar is someone who — the truth.
i. The River Amazon — into the Atlantic Ocean.
f. doesn’t believe
h. doesn’t tell
The information we used is collected from different sources on the Internet and in English coursebooks.