Present Simple

*Structure:

Positive Subject + verb (bare-infinitive)/ verb-s/es
Negative Subject +do not (don’t)/does not (doesn’t)+verb (bare-inf.)
Question Do/ Does + subject + verb (bare-inf.)…?
Positive Subject + am/is/are + ….
Negative Subject + am not / is not (isn’t) / are not (aren’t) +…
Question Am/ Is/ Are + subject + …?

Ex:

My brother likes pasta.

Her sister is a composer.

I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.

He doesn’t drive to work. He goes by bus.

We aren’t hungry.

Do you play the piano? – Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Does he play football? – Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

Where do you live? – I live in Ho Chi Minh City.

Are you a student? – Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

*Use:

-We use present simple tense to talk about:

Something that is true in the present. I’m twenty years old.

He lives in London.

He isn’t a student. He is a teacher.

Something that happens again and again in the present; a hobby or a habit.

We use adverbs of frequency like sometimes, often, always, and never, etc. with the present tense.

We play tennis every Thursday.

I sometimes go to the cinema.

She never plays football.

Something that is always true. Water freezes at 00C.

The adult human body contains 206 bones.

The sun rises in the East.

Something that is fixed. School starts on 5 September.

His train arrives at 7.30.

*Exercise:

  1. Complete the sentences using one of the following:

cause(s)  close(s)  drink(s)  live(s)  open(s)  speak(s)  take(s)  place

a. Ann speaks German very well.

b. I never — coffee.

c. The swimming pool — at 9 o’clock and — at 18.30 every day.

d. Bad driving — many accidents.

e. My parents — in a very at small flat.

f. The Olympic Games — every four years.

KEY

b. drink

c. opens … closes

d. causes

e. live

f. take place

  1. Put the verb into the correct form.

a. Jane doesn’t drink (not/drink) tea very often.

b. What time — (the banks/close) in Britain?

c. ‘Where — (Martin/come) from?’ ‘He’s Scottish.’

d. ‘What — (you/do)?’ ‘I’m an electrical engineer.’

e. It — (take) me an hour to get to work. How long — (it/take) you?

f. I — (play) the piano but I — (not/play) very well.

g. I don’t understand this sentence. What — (this word/mean)?

KEY

a. do the banks close

b. does Martin come

c. do you do

d. takes … does it take

e. play … don’t play

f. does this word mean

  1. Use one of the following verbs to complete these sentences. Sometimes you need the negative:

  believe  eat  flow  go  grow  make  rise  tell  translate

a. The earth goes round the sun.

b. Rice doesn’t — in Britain.

c. The sun — in the east.

d. Bees — honey.

e. Vegetarians — meat.

f. An atheist — in God.

g. An interpreter — from one language into another.

h. A liar is someone who — the truth.

i. The River Amazon — into the Atlantic Ocean.

KEY

b. grow

c. rises

d. make

e.don’t eat

f. doesn’t believe

g. translates

h. doesn’t tell

i. flows

The information we used is collected from different sources on the Internet and in English coursebooks.

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